Qinna (joint locking) Techniques in Dachengquan

Writer: Zhang Liyi

The techniques of Qina are essential and special skills in the Dachengquan. They follow the principal of reversing the normal position of joints to control the opponents. If the opponents want to get free, they will take the risks of painfully hurt, dislocation, even spraining sinews or fracture. The techniques of Qinna hurt the opponents’ sinews, joints and let them out of actions by mainly using the actions of hitting, catching, blocking, holding, seizing, cutting, pushing and pressing, which can cause the effect of controlling or hitting one point or part of one’s body and eventually controlling one’s whole body.

The techniques of Qinna in Dachengquan consist of reversing joint skills, seizing acupoints skills, hurting sinews skills and fracturing skills. When practicing the techniques, the actions must be fierce, exact and powerful. In the actual fighting, practitioners should know the opponent’s strength using ways and try to make use of their strength, by using the actions of turning, twisting, wrapping and twining to make opponents’ actions stiff. Then, suddenly use force to reverse their joints, and the practitioners’ actions should be flexible, or he might be caught instead. When blocking the opponents’ attacking using hands, the practitioners should use legs or feet to strain the opponents’ feet and let them cannot move freely by using the skills of tripping, stamping, hooking and pressing. Then, they will lose their balance and be caught by the practitioners.

1) Preparation
The Practitioner W (wearing the white clothes) stands facing the Practitioner B (wearing the black pants). Both of them put their fists beside their waists, looking each other [figure 1].
2) Two Fists Punching
The Practitioner W steps the right foot up and suddenly punching his two fists to the Practitioner B’s throat part and try to let him fall down on the back [Figure 2].
3) Tipping Foot and Pressing Elbow
Practitioner B swiftly uses right hand to wrap the practicing is right wrist, and use left hand to press his right elbow down by the pushing of left shoulder. At the same time, move the right foot back and step the left leg up to use the left ankle tripping practitioner W’s right foot. Press the whole body down to control Practitioner W’s left side of his body. [Figure 3]
4) Turning Body and Grabbing the Throat.
When Practitioner W’s left side of his body was pressed by practitioner B, he must relax his shoulder and leg, and take advantage of B’s pressing to feet to the left quickly, turn over the body to step the left food up. At the same time, use the thumb and index finger to grab B’s throat. [Figure 4]

5) Seizing Elbow and Pressing Leg
When practitioner B’s throat was grabbed by W, he can take the chance to catch practitioner W’s left wrist with the left hand, wrap W’s right arm with his right hand, from the up to the down, using fingers to seize W’s elbow joint. Meanwhile, he can quickly withdraw the left foot, step up the right foot to use the leg to press W’s acupoint Zusanli on his left knee, press right shoulder down, push the left hand up to break his elbow and let him down. [Figure 5]
6) Catching Wrists and Kicking Leg.
Practitioner W catches B’S right wrist with the right hand to free his elbow. Then, withdraws the left leg, catches B’S left wrist with the left hand, and puts it to the left side of his wrist and press the body down. Meanwhile steps the right foot up to the back of B’S right leg, then waves B’S right wrist up with the right hand and kicks B’S right leg with the right leg. [Figure 6]
7) Blocking and Pushing.
Practitioner B quickly withdraws his right leg a step back to avoid W’S kicking. Then, steps up and across arms to block W’S arms, and two hands push out heavily to let B fall down. [Figure 7]
8) Wrapping Elbow and Pressing Down.
The Practitioner W can quickly move the left leg back to avoid B’S pushing. Then, pulls out the left hand, and from the outside toward the inside, from the up to the down, to wrap B’S right elbow joint on the acupoint of Quchi and to push outside. Meanwhile, steps the right foot up to add the force of pressing. [Figure 8]

9) Twining Elbow and Turning
The Practitioner B can hold W’s right hand, use the left shoulder and elbow to twine W’s right elbow and try the best to turning it outside. At the same time, steps the left foot up and force W to open his hands. [Figure 9]
10) Hitting Tiantu and Blocking Leg
The practitioner W can take advantage of B’s turning outside to catch B’s left hand and pull it down. Meanwhile, moves the right foot towards the back, hits B’s acupoint tiantu on the shoulder, blocks his left leg with the right leg, try to let him fall down towards the front. [Figure 10]
11) Catching Wrist and Twining Arm
The Practitioner B swiftly turns his waist towards the left and lowers his body withdrawing. At the same time, he can catch W’s right wrist with the right hand, and twine W’s right arm with the left hand, from the inside towards the outside, to his right armpit. Then, twist the left arm forcefully to let Practitioner W feel unbearable pain. [Figure 11]
12) Pushing Shoulder and Pulling Hands
The practitioner W can catch B’s right wrist with the left hand, grab B’s right elbow, meanwhile, step the left foot up and turn the body from the right side to the back, push the shoulders up and pull his hands down, use all strength to break B’s elbow joint. [Figure 12]

13) Turning Body and Twisting Wrist
The practitioner B can take the chance to step up from W’s left side to his front, turn body back, press W’s right arm with the left palm, turn the right hand outside to twine W’s right wrist, then, pull it to B’s body heavily and twist it downward, try to let W bend his knees. [Figure 13]
14) Closing
Both of them move back and go back to the Preparation posture. [Figure 14]